Leed reference guide

leed reference guide

Study Bundle: LEED BD+C Study Guide and BD+C Reference Guide (V4) LEED Reference Guide for Building Design and Construction v4 edition (Chinese ). Learn if you are using the most updated version of the LEED reference guide here. If not, you\'ll know what changed. to the main reference guide. I. WHY MAKE YOUR BUILDING GREEN? See the LEED Green Building Design and Construction Retail Supplement for this. The USGBC has just released the final edition of its LEED™ Reference Guide , developed with funding support from the U.S. Department of. LEED Reference Guide for Building Design and Construction Edition ISBN # ii. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS TheLEED Reference Guide for. The Global Alternative Compliance Path supplement is complimentary to the LEED Reference Guide for Green Building Design and.

Ejercicios de trapecio: Leed reference guide

Tron evolution pc full Rating Systems: Please log in using your personal profile: Project teams must contact the Provider they will work with prior to registering their project. Understand the steps to pursuing LEED certification including the current policies, and deadlines for each of the rating systems. View the forms leed reference guide. Add new comment To post a comment, you need to register for a BuildingGreen Basic membership free or login to your existing profile. Below are some helpful resources.
Fifth harmony boss mp3 View the Rating System Selection Guidance here. Read the guides here. Leed reference guide process allows projects to test more innovative credits that haven't been through the complete drafting and balloting process. Add new comment To post a comment, you need to register for a BuildingGreen Basic membership free or login to your existing profile. These fact-sheet-type overviews are well written and useful. Errors and oversights in the implementation of credits that existed a year ago have largely been addressed—most notably with the inclusion of a new LEED Energy Modeling Protocol to address problems with the calculation methodology required by the ASHRAE Addenda database Addenda incorporate changes and improvements to LEED rating systems and resources to help clarify, correct, leed reference guide or provide alternative language helping project teams better implement LEED.
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Industrial Control Systems ICS are physical equipment oriented technologies and systems that deal with the actual running of plants and equipment, include devices that ensure physical system integrity and meet technical constraints, and are event-driven and frequently real-time systran premium translator 6.0 applications or devices with embedded software.

These types of specialized systems are pervasive throughout the infrastructure leed reference guide are required to leed reference guide numerous and often conflicting safety, performance, security, reliability, and operational requirements.

Historically, the majority of OT systems were proprietary, analog, vendor supported, and were not internet protocol IP leed reference guide. The Stuxnet, Duqu, Flame and Shamoon malware were specifically designed to target ICS and cause physical damage to the processes or equipment. Stuxnet "spoofed" the integrity of the uranium centrifuges and caused the centrifuges to overspin and self-destruct, while the operators console showed the system was operating within normal parameters.

The Duqu malware looks for information that could be useful in attacking industrial control systems. Its purpose is not to be destructive; the known components are trying to gather information. The Flame malware looks for engineering drawings, specifications, and other technical details about the systems and records audio, screenshots, keyboard activity, and network traffic. The program also records Skype conversations and can turn infected computers into Bluetooth beacons which attempt to download contact information from nearby Bluetooth-enabled devices.

The most recent malware attack, Shamoon, destroyed over 30, Saudi Armco work stations. Shamoon is capable of spreading to other computers on the network, through exploitation of shared hard drives.

Once a system is infected, the virus continues to compile a list leed reference guide files from specific leed reference guide on the system, erase and then send information about these files back to the attacker. Finally, the virus will overwrite the master boot record of the system to prevent it from booting as shown leed reference guide Figure 1. Figure 1: The Shamoon malware has the ability to overwrite the master boot record of a computer.

Image credit: The Cybersecurity Framework shall include a set of standards, methodologies, procedures, and processes that align policy, business, and technological approaches to address cyber risks. The Cybersecurity Framework shall incorporate voluntary consensus standards and industry best practices to the fullest extent possible.

While federal agencies have been required to meet stringent Cybersecurity standards for the traditional IT systems since the Federal Information Security Management Act FISMA was passed in leed reference guide, the same level of protection and analysis is just beginning to be developed for building control systems. Buildings are becoming increasingly reliant on technologies leed reference guide allow centralized monitoring and control of multiple building systems Building Automation, Fire and Life Safety, Energy Management, Physical Security, Access Control, etc.

Because of the unique operating and configuration of building control systems, traditional IT processes such as continuous monitoring, host based scanning, and automated patch management can cause building control systems to fail or become non-operational.

This section will provide an overview leed reference guide the current efforts underway with regards to policy, standards, guides, and tools to assist building owners and operators, designers, and constructors meet the Cybersecurity challenges. ICS are physical equipment oriented technologies and systems that deal with the actual running of plants and equipment, include devices that ensure physical system integrity and meet technical constraints, and are event-driven and frequently real-time software applications or devices with embedded software.

An information system used to leed reference guide industrial processes such as manufacturing, product handling, production, and distribution. Industrial control systems include supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA systems used to control geographically dispersed assets, as well as distributed control systems DCSs and smaller control systems using programmable logic controllers to control localized processes.

Although some characteristics are similar, ICS also have characteristics that differ from traditional information processing systems. Many of these differences stem from the fact that logic executing in ICS has a direct effect on the physical world.

Some of these characteristics include significant risk to the health and safety of human lives and serious damage to the environment, as well as serious financial issues such as production losses, negative impact to a nation's economy, and compromise of proprietary information.

ICS have unique performance and reliability requirements and often use operating systems and applications that may be considered unconventional to typical IT personnel. Furthermore, the goals of safety and efficiency sometimes conflict with security in the design and operation of control systems. There are an estimated 2. Figure 2: ICSs differ significantly from traditional administrative, mission support and scientific data processing information systems, and use specialized software, hardware and protocols.

ICS systems are often integrated with mainstream organizational information systems to promote connectivity, efficiency, and remote access capabilities. The "front end" portions of these ICSs resemble traditional information systems in that they use the same commercially available hardware and software components.

While the majority of an ICS system still does not resemble a traditional information system ISthe integration of the ICS's "front end" with IS introduces some of the same vulnerabilities that exist in current networked information systems. As these systems and components became digital and IP enabled, the interconnects to the organization network and business systems began to expose the organization to exploits and significant vulnerabilities.

A comparison leed reference guide IT versus OT systems is provided in leed reference guide table below:. ICSs can have long life spans in excess of 20 years and be comprised of technology that while functional, do not have the same technology refresh cycle as the IT. This introduces two issues: For an ICS, updates should be delayed until after a thorough analysis of deployment impact has been completed. This might stretch out security update timeliness and require flexibility in security control compliance measurement and enforcement.

An ICS physical system can span many miles; for example, locks and dams, pipelines, electric transmission and distribution systems can have many non-contiguous components, and there are a number of protocols commonly used by ICSs to allow the devices to communicate both horizontally and vertically.

A building use could use a number of protocols at community season 4 episode 10 same time. Typical building protocols are:. These protocols were developed initially to ensure availability and reliability, and able to communicate down to the device level with small data transmission and verification.

Many devices have embedded firmware with default passwords. The protocol organizations and vendors are now working to add additional security features on new systems while working on securing legacy systems. The Communications Network and Business Systems include the Demarcation or Point of Entry where the external communications connect with the buildings internal network and include voice, data, video and multimedia information services, such as video conferencing and email.

Typically the business systems are on a separate fiber high-speed backbone. The Building Management System provides automatic monitoring, interaction and management for electricity, leed reference guide, water supply, security and fire control to the building.

A BMS typically leed reference guide the: The control system is a computerized, intelligent network of electronic devices designed to monitor and control the mechanical, electronic, and lighting systems in a building. The BAS functionality reduces building energy and maintenance costs when compared to a non-controlled building. The BAS typically consists of:. The Electronic Security System ESS is critical for providing a secure environment and protecting the safety of tenants. Elements include: Traditionally, these systems were in separate conduits and cabling went from the control panel to the devices.

PoE describes any of several standardized or ad-hoc systems which pass electrical power along with data on Ethernet leed reference guide. This allows a single cable to provide both data connection and electrical power to devices such as network hubs or closed-circuit TV cameras. Unlike standards such as Universal Serial Bus which also power leed reference guide over the data cables, PoE allows long cable lengths. Power may be carried on the same conductors as the data, or it may be carried on spare pairs of the cable.

Figure 4: Contemporary Controls 3. There are a number of new PoE devices and systems that are entering the market and addressing the cybersecurity of these systems will be a challenge. A Smart Building or Intelligent Building project generally covers three key elements. Open Communication Protocols—Non-proprietary building controls that give GSA greater building management flexibility and reduce service costs.

Converged Leed reference guide Systems Networks IT backbone —Elimination of unnecessarily redundant controls infrastructure such as conduit, cables, switches, and UPS's that will then allow interoperability and security compliance.

Normalized Data for Systems Communications—Different controls manufacturers or even disparate systems can "talk" to each other allowing for data collection and analysis and more flexibility and management control. The resulting efforts are the convergence of the IT and OT into a new hybrid where the CIO provides the switches, routers and firewalls as Government Furnished Equipment GFEand all the building monitoring and control systems plug into the CIO fiber backbone in the distribution closet, as shown in Figure 6.

The redundancy and operational impact of converged systems is still a relatively new area. A sustainable building can operate more efficiently and cost less when the impacts of systems on each other are considered. The system bundling section can be leveraged to further understand whole building synergies and explore examples for ideas on what technologies might best be bundled together.

Achieving the design and operational performance requires a substantial change in mindset and training across multiple disciplines, changes in acquisition and contract language, and changes in the buildings operations and maintenance.

The new process is shown in Figure 7. Smart buildings are now becoming the norm across the country, and as the buildings get ever smarter and interconnected with Smart Cars, Smart Cities, etc.

As the IT and OT systems continue to converge, the need for new Cybersecurity skills and training for the facilities workforce will need to be developed. The Department of Homeland Security Interagency Security Committee has developed several publications for risk assessments, facility security levels, and converged IT and OT assets, with an emphasis on physical access control systems, intrusion detection systems, and CCTV systems.

These systems will provide the foundation of our critical infrastructure, form the basis of emerging and future smart services, and improve our quality of life in many areas. Cyber-physical leed reference guide will bring advances in leed reference guide health care, emergency response, traffic flow management, and electric power generation and delivery, as well as in many other areas now just being envisioned.

Other phrases that you might hear when discussing these and related CPS technologies include:. CPS are defined as integrated, hybrid networks of cyber and engineered physical elements; co-designed and co-engineered to create adaptive and predictive systems, and respond in real time to enhance performance.

Figure 8: CPS are enabling a new generation of 'smart systems'. NIST has taken an active role and lead in defining the CPS and has held several workshops, resulting in several publications in early Figure 9: Cyber, engineered, and human elements as treated as integral components of a total system to create synergy and enable desired, emergent properties. Integration of deep physics-based and digital world models provides learning and predictive capabilities for decision support e.

Systems engineering-based open architecture and leed reference guide provide for modularity and composability for customization, leed reference guide of products, and complex or dynamic applications. Networked cyber components provide a basis for scalability, complexity management, and resilience. Both publications were updated and published in spring Buildings that have Advanced Smart Metering and other web or wireless connections leed reference guide the system should be secured and tested to ensure vulnerabilities are mitigated and risks minimized.

The Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team ICS-CERT works to reduce risks within and across all critical infrastructure sectors by partnering with law enforcement agencies and the intelligence community and coordinating efforts among Federal, state, local, and tribal governments and control systems owners, operators, and vendors. Similar to the advancement of the leed reference guide of malicious malware and hacking of traditional IT systems, critical infrastructure CI is now a primary target and the number of ICS-CERT reported incidents is exponentially increasing.

CSET is a desktop software tool that guides users through a step-by-step process to assess their control system and information technology network security practices against recognized industry standards. The vflash vector images from CSET is a prioritized list of recommendations for improving the cybersecurity posture of the organization's enterprise and industrial control cyber systems.

The tool derives the recommendations leed reference guide a database of cybersecurity standards, guidelines, and practices. Each recommendation is linked to a set of actions that can be applied to enhance cybersecurity controls. CSET has been designed for easy installation and use on a stand-alone laptop or workstation.

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